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Common Types of Personal Injury Cases and personal injury claims

What are the most common types of personal injury cases?

You’ve undoubtedly seen ads for personal injury lawyers, ranging from billboards to TV commercials and ads on social media. But if you’re like most people, you may not know everything about what a personal injury lawyer does - specifically, what kind of personal injury cases he or she can handle.

As soon as I can There are quite a few different types of cases that fall under this umbrella. They all have something in common: a plaintiff who was injured by the negligent or intentional actions of someone else. The goal with these cases is to get compensation to pay for medical bills, lost wages, pain, and suffering, and other forms of distress.

So what are the most common types of personal injury cases? Here are the types of cases and what you should do if you think you have one.

Motor Vehicle Accidents

In Alabama, according to the Center for Advanced Public Safety at the University of Alabama, a typical driver in our state has over a one-in-three chance of being involved in a car accident that causes a serious injury or death. Every day, over 100 injuries are caused by motor vehicle accidents on our roads and highways.

Driving a vehicle is dangerous. And when you’re injured in a car wreck through the negligence or intentional actions of another driver, you may have a personal injury case.

Medical Malpractice Injuries

We trust our medical providers - doctors, nurses, and specialists - to take good care of us. But sometimes, through negligence or recklessness, their lack of care results in serious injury - or worse.

Health care providers are required to offer care that is competent, necessary, and reasonably skilled. They can be held liable for what happens to you if they violate these standards of care. Due to how complex medical malpractice cases can be, they are often considered to be a separate type of case by some lawyers but still fall under the personal injury umbrella.

Premises Liability

The owner of a property has a legal obligation to make sure their premises are reasonably safe and free from hazards, as to avoid injuring anyone on the premises. When they fail to do this, and someone is hurt, the owner can be held liable in a premises liability case.

One very common example is the slip and fall case, where someone was at a grocery store and slipped on a puddle that wasn’t marked and hurt themselves in the fall. But not every injury on someone else’s property is a premises liability case. You have to talk to a personal injury lawyer to see if the property owner is liable for your i it is to build

Dog Bite personal Injury Claims

What if you’ve been bitten by someone else’s dog and have become seriously injured? Can you sue? Under Alabama law, the answer is yes.

Dog bite cases are more common than you think. In general, under Alabama law, the owner of the dog can be held liable for the damage his or her dog committed. Of course, there are some mitigating circumstances, such as the fact that the bite had to have occurred on the dog owner’s property or the dog had to have pursued the victim off of the property.

Also, a dog owner can defend himself by asserting that he “had no knowledge of any circumstances indicating such dog to be or to have been vicious or dangerous or mischievous.” This means the dog owner is then only liable for the actual expenses that the victim incurred.

Workplace Accidents

Alabama workers face risks every day, from construction sites to corporate offices. Whether it’s a fall from scaffolding or repetitive strain injuries from typing, workplace accidents can leave employees seriously injured. Employers are expected to provide a safe working environment and adhere to safety regulations. When they fail to do so, injured workers may have a personal injury case against their employer or third parties involved in their injury.

Product Liability

When products fail to perform safely as advertised, and cause injury, the manufacturers and sellers can be held liable. In Alabama, product liability claims cover everything from defective auto parts to unsafe children's toys. If you've been harmed by a product, it is crucial to prove that the product was defective and that the defect directly led to your injury.

Assault and Battery

Victims of assault and battery in Alabama can pursue personal injury claims against their attackers. This type of case goes beyond the criminal justice system, allowing victims to seek compensation for medical expenses, emotional distress, and other damages resulting from the attack. It’s important to document everything and have solid evidence to support your claim.

Bicycle Accidents

Riding a bicycle on Alabama roads can be hazardous, especially when motorists fail to share the road responsibly. Bicycle accidents often result in severe injuries due to the lack of protection bikes offer. If a motorist’s negligence leads to an accident, the injured cyclist may have a valid personal injury claim for compensation for their injuries and damages.

Nursing Home Abuse and Neglect

In Alabama, our elderly population is particularly vulnerable to abuse and neglect in nursing homes and assisted living facilities. When caregivers fail to provide adequate care or intentionally harm residents, it can lead to serious injuries or even death. Victims and their families can file personal injury claims against these facilities to seek compensation for the harm caused.

Construction Accidents

Construction sites are inherently dangerous, and accidents can result in severe injuries or fatalities. Common construction accidents include falls, machinery malfunctions, and exposure to hazardous materials. Workers injured on the job may be entitled to compensation through personal injury claims, especially if a third party’s negligence contributed to the accident.

Pedestrian Accidents

Pedestrians are at high risk of injury when involved in accidents with motor vehicles. In Alabama, pedestrian accidents often occur at crosswalks, intersections, and in parking lots. If a driver’s negligence or recklessness causes injury to a pedestrian, the victim can pursue a personal injury claim to cover medical expenses, lost wages, and other damages.

Boating Accidents

With Alabama’s numerous lakes and waterways, boating is a popular activity. However, boating accidents can result in serious injuries or fatalities, often due to operator negligence, excessive speed, or alcohol use. Victims of boating accidents can file personal injury claims against the responsible parties to recover compensation for their injuries and losses.

One Personal Injury Fact to Know

One thing that people often don’t know about Alabama personal injury law is the doctrine of contributory negligence.

This basically means that if you contributed to your injury in any way - even if you were only 1% responsible and the other party was 99% responsible - then you can be denied compensation. Many people have seen their lawsuits fail due to this, so it’s important, to be honest, and open with your personal injury attorney so he or she can help you potentially avoid this pitfall.

Personal injury cases are all about getting compensation and justice for your injury. Talking to a lawyer is the first thing you should do after getting medical treatment for your injuries.

Hire a competent personal injury attorney to help you wit your personal injury case!

Wettermark Keith has a roster of experienced personal injury attorneys who have represented families from all walks of life in serious accident cases. Our commitment to caring for you and your family is built on a strong foundation of compassion. Contact our team to learn how you can get justice for your case.

Frequently Asked Questions

Immediately after a personal injury accident, seek medical attention, even if you feel fine. Document the scene, gather contact information from any witnesses, and report the incident to the appropriate authorities. Contact a personal injury lawyer as soon as possible to discuss your case and protect your rights.


In Alabama, the statute of limitations for filing a personal injury claim is generally two years from the date of the injury. It's crucial to act promptly and consult with a personal injury attorney to ensure you file your claim within the legal timeframe.

In a personal injury case, you may be entitled to various types of compensation, including medical expenses, lost wages, pain and suffering, and property damage. An experienced personal injury lawyer can help you understand the full scope of damages you may be eligible to receive.

A personal injury lawyer can provide invaluable assistance by investigating your case, gathering evidence, negotiating with insurance companies, and representing you in court if necessary. They can help ensure you receive fair compensation and navigate the complexities of personal injury law.

Ready to work together? Contact us today for a free consultation.


If you or a loved one have been injured and think you might have a case, call us now for a free consultation.